Simply put, a time lapse interval should be set in relation to the speed of the action of what you’re capturing. It determines the length of the final video and to a certain extent, the speed of your final video. And while it’s a fairly simple concept to grasp, it can be a bit tricky to execute, as there are a lot of variables to take into account.
There are a few key items to consider:
First, you need to get clear on the specific event you want to capture. Is it only a sunrise, or a start to finish construction project, or changing seasons, etc. These event examples are very different from each other in terms of scheduling. For example, in a sunrise you will want a more frequent interval to show the movement of the sun. On the other hand, a construction project typically has less consistent action and extends over a much longer period of time. Even then, the different length construction projects will drive a different interval.
To a certain extent, the location of where you shoot also can impact your interval settings, with respect to what kind of power you have available. If you have a way to consistently power your kit (e.g. AC power), then you can take as many images as you’d like, or at least as much as the SD card can hold. However, many long term time lapse shoots we see don’t have permanent AC power available.
To get around this, many people use a solar enclosure, which will provide that consistent power. However, even with this option, you need to ensure you do the necessary calculations to ensure that your interval is set so that you don’t overuse your power. We often find customers are surprised how spaced out the interval is for construction projects and therefore, they are often surprised that our solar system is adequate for the vast majority of projects.
If these options aren’t available to you, then you will have to use the camera battery only, potentially manually swapping it out throughout your project. And if this is the case, then planning out your interval carefully is crucial.
Think about how fast the scene is changing. Also, think about how you would like that change to be displayed in the final time lapse compilation. For example, if you have a fast changing scene and you want to record smooth fluid motion then you should set a shorter interval. A slower changing scene can allow a longer interval to still achieve smooth playback. If you want a “jerky” motion, where it looks like things pop from one location to another, use a longer interval in a fast scene.
Depending on what action you’re capturing, you may need to consider using two or more sets of intervals. In the construction example, it may make sense to use the slower interval mentioned above for 95% of the build. And utilize a faster interval to capture rapid/high event items, like demolition or hoisting up framing.
In some cases, such as when scaffolding is being installed on a construction site, you may want a shorter interval for a few weeks, then back to the longer interval when it’s done. Using UpBlink and CloudX Pro gives you this flexibility to adjust simply by logging in online.
1 second intervals:
Slightly longer - up to 3 second intervals:
15 – 30 second intervals:
What do you want your end video to be and how will the time lapse footage be used? Is it a standalone video or will it be used as a clip in a larger video? Also, consider the purpose of your video: is it to monitor a project, illustrate progress, or highlight a project recap from start-to-finish? Understanding these considerations will help you understand the overall interval you need to set.
Think about how many pictures are required to give you the compilation scene length that you want? If the interval is too short, you won’t have enough frames to make a meaningful compilation. Have you ever seen a 5 second time-lapse? By the time you realize what you are watching, it’s already over. Not very impactful. On the flipside, if the interval is too long, you will end up with many unneeded extra frames to transfer and process. While this is not a big deal, it does take unnecessary time and card/hard-drive space.
We love time lapse videos, but be aware that a long shoot requires a longer interval to avoid making a marathon video length. You can always speed up the frame rate or discard frames, but the key is finding a sweet spot right in the middle. It’s a good idea to slightly overshoot, as you’ll likely end up with many photos you can’t use for various reasons (Inactivity, blockage, lighting issues, weather, etc.). Overshooting will help ensure you have enough usable images to create a time lapse of your desired length that adequately captures your project.
Sometimes you may need a specific length compilation to fit an assignment or a storyboard segment in a larger time-lapse work. Whatever the case, it's good to do some calculations (which we’ve made easy with our Time Lapse Calculator).
We harp on this point all of the time. The key to a successful long term time lapse project is planning and testing. It is crucial that this step is part of your workflow every time. Start out with our Time Lapse Calculator to help understand the right interval to use, and do a test run preferably not at the top of a ladder before the real event. As a rule of thumb, if you are shooting an event for the first time and aren’t really sure what interval to use, it is usually best to use one that is faster than you need rather than slower. You can always speed up too many frames in post but you can’t go back and capture those missing too slow intervals.
Matthew C. Grammer recently shared a video he created for his client, Republic Property Group, a Texas based real estate developer which manages a few communities in the Dallas/Fort Worth area. The company was working on Walsh, a budding development west of Fort Worth. Grammer was tasked with producing videos to showcase the initial stages of the community. As part of this, he captured the construction of two buildings: a marketplace and an activity center.